James Beard Award-winning Cookbook Author

How to Make a Plum Kuchen

Greg Patent The Baking wizard
Baked plum Kuchen

Now’s the time to bake with Italian prune plums, those succulent dark purple fruits that are flooding farmers markets and supermarkets right now. Some even call them the zucchini of fruit! But let’s not go there.

These prunes are great to eat out of hand as well as to bake into galettes, cakes, and kuchens. The New York Times published its most requested recipe ever—Plum Torte—in the 1980s, and though that cake is absolutely wonderful, the recipe below, Plum Kuchen,  rivals it.

“Kuchen” is German for cake, but you make the cake layer in a Plum Kuchen in a special way. Instead of creaming butter and sugar and beating in eggs and flavoring and stirring in flour and leavening, you cut cold butter into the dry ingredients just as though you were making a pie crust. But then you stir in egg, vanilla, and milk and it becomes a thick, wet dough.

How is that unpromising-looking mass ever going to become a cake? Just have faith and plop small spoonfuls of it all over the bottom of a buttered pan, then slowly swirl them together with the aid of a spoon to make a very thin layer. When topped with the Italian prunes, some butter, cinnamon sugar and baked, you will have created a delicately-textured cake about a half-inch high dappled with purple prune plums and their crimson juices. Gorgeous!

Absolutely heavenly in appearance and in taste, a slice of this kuchen will make you feel, by some magic, that you’ve been transported to one of the finest European cafés. Coffee, tea, or a cappuccino, is most welcome. And leftovers are great for breakfast. Happy baking and eating!


For this recipe, Greg uses King Arthur flour. You can order King Arthur flour and flavorings through Greg’s King Arthur Affiliate site, which helps pay the costs of this website!

Plum Kuchen

Italian prunes (fresh prune plums) and cinnamon sugar baked atop a cake-like pastry. You'll feel as though you were transported to a European café.
5 from 1 vote
Course Dessert
Cuisine European



  • 1 1/2 cups sifted all-purpose flour (6 ounces)
  • 1/2 teaspoon salt
  • 1 1/2 teaspoons baking powder
  • 1/2 teaspoon freshly grated nutmeg
  • 1/3 cup sugar
  • 5 tablespoons cold unsalted butter, cut into tablespoon-size pieces
  • 1 large egg
  • 1/3 cup milk, any fat percentage
  • 1 1/2 teaspoons vanilla
  • 1 1/2 to 2 pounds Italian prune plums, 25 to 35 depending on size halved and pitted


  • 3 tablespoons unsalted butter, melted
  • 1/4 cup sugar
  • 1 teaspoon ground cinnamon


  • Adjust an oven rack to the lower third position and preheat the oven to 400 degrees. Butter a 13 x 9 x 2-inch baking pan and set aside. Do not use cooking spray because the dough must adhere to the pan when you spread it.
  • In a medium-size bowl, whisk together thoroughly the flour, salt, baking powder, nutmeg, and 1/3 cup sugar. Cut the 5 tablespoons butter into the dry ingredients with a pastry blender until the fat is in smallish pieces and looks like coarse crumbs.
  • In a small bowl beat the egg with a table fork well to combine the white with the yolk. Stir in the milk and vanilla, and pour into the dry ingredients. Stir with the fork until the dough is thoroughly moistened. It will be very thick.
  • To spread the dough into a thin even layer in the pan, place small spoonfuls of it into the buttered pan, spacing them an inch or two apart (pretend you're making drop cookies), forming about a dozen or so little mounds. Spread them together with the back of a teaspoon to make a very thin even layer covering the bottom of the pan.
  • Take your time and have patience with this step. Swirling the back of the spoon back and forth in a figure eight pattern as you spread the batter does the best job.
  • Arrange the plums, cut sides down, in tightly packed rows on top of the batter. (I usually get 5 or 6 half-plums across the short side of the pan and 10 to 12 along the long side). Brush the plums with the melted butter. Combine the 1/4 cup sugar with the cinnamon and sprinkle evenly over the plums.
  • Bake for 35 to 40minutes, until the fruit juices have almost stopped bubbling and a toothpick stuck into the cake portion comes out clean. Cool the kuchen in its pan on a wire rack. Cut around the sides of the kuchen to release from the pan. Serve portions warm or at room temperature.
  • NOTE: If you want to freeze the kuchen, butter the baking pan and line it with aluminum foil. Butter the foil and proceed with the recipe. After the kuchen has cooled in its pan, grasp the edges of foil and carefully lift the cake out of the pan. Set the cake on a cookie sheet and place it in the freezer. When solidly frozen, peel off the foil, wrap the cake tightly in plastic wrap, and enclose the cake securely in heavy-duty foil. Date the kuchen and store it in the freezer for up to 6 months. To reheat, unwrap the frozen cake (remove both the foil and plastic wrap), and set the kuchen on a baking sheet. Tent it loosely with the foil. Place the frozen cake into a preheated 300 degree oven for 20 to 30 minutes, until it is completely thawed and slightly warm. Cut into portions and serve.
Keyword Italian prune plums; pastry

Greg Patent the baking wizard

1 thought on “How to Make a Plum Kuchen”

  • 5 stars
    Aha! Definitely old-fashioned Zwetschgenkuchen.
    It is interesting, that this cake can be made either from sweet yeast dough, pastry dough or even cake batter. Maybe the word “Kuchen” in german has quite a few meanings for reason.

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