James Beard Award-winning Cookbook Author

A French Bread That’s all About The Crumb

Pain de Mie Sliced Greg Patent
A slice of pain de mie showing its fine, tight crumb.

Here’s a recipe for an excellent white sandwich bread from France: Pain de Mie. The picture above shows its firm, close-grained texture. And that’s where it gets its name. In French, mie refers to the crumb, or inside of the bread. And pain de mie is all about the crumb. The crust is thin and exists solely as a protective covering.

This loaf is ideal for making thin slices. Think melba toast and finger sandwiches. Or just plain toast to nibble on with morning coffee and breakfast.

French boulangeries bake the bread in special Pullman pans. These are perfectly rectangular pans with lids that slide onto the pans’ tops, sealing in the dough during baking and producing a loaf with four perfectly straight sides.

Pain de mie baking pan Greg Patent

My pan measures 12 x 4 x 4-inches, and the amount of dough in the recipe here is just right for it. A more common size Pullman pan is 13 x 4 x 4-inches and it will work here, too.

If you don’t have a Pullman pan, you can still bake the bread in any straight-sided buttered pan with a 10- to 12-cup capacity. Simply rest a sheet of foil onto the pan’s rim when the dough is ready to bake, put a baking sheet onto the foil, and set a weight, such as a brick, on top of the baking sheet to keep the loaf from pushing out of the pan.

I also have instructions at the end of the recipe for baking pain de mie in a conventional, uncovered, loaf pan.

A word on instant yeast: Make sure you do not use rapid-rise yeast. That is a special yeast designed to rise only once before baking. In this recipe the dough rises twice. There are several instant yeast brands you can buy. I always use SAF.


For this recipe, Greg uses King Arthur flour. You can order King Arthur flour and flavorings through Greg’s King Arthur Affiliate site, which helps pay the costs of this website!

Pain de Mie Loaf Greg Patent

Pain de Mie

A classic French bread loaf with a tight crumb. Ideal for sandwiches, toast, and melba toast because the bread is easily cut into thin slices.
5 from 1 vote
Cuisine French
Servings 1 loaf


  • Stand mixer; pullman bread pan (optional)



  • 4 cups (500 grams) unbleached all-purpose flour
  • 2 1/4 teaspoons (7 grams) instant dry yeast (I use SAF brand)
  • 1 tablespoon sugar
  • 1 1/2 teaspoons table salt
  • 1 1/2 cups whole milk, at room temperature
  • 2 to 4 tablespoons water, at room temperature
  • 4 tablespoons unsalted or salted butter, softened



  • Put the flour, yeast, sugar, and salt into the bowl of a stand mixer and whisk to combine. Attach the dough hook, pour in the milk, and add 2 tablespoons of the water.
  • Mix on low speed until the dough comes together, about 1 minute. This initial dough should cohere and be a bit sticky. Scrape the mixer bowl and test the dough with a fingertip. If the dough seems dry, mix in droplets more of water.
  • Knead on medium speed for 3 to 5 minutes, until the dough is smooth, soft, and only slightly tacky. Adjust its texture with a pinch more flour or a bit more water if necessary.
  • Add 1 tablespoon of the softened room temperature butter and knead on low, then medium speed, until it is completely incorporated and the dough is smooth. At first you may see dabs of butter flung onto the side of the bowl, but continued mixing will bring them back into the dough. Stop to scrape the bowl as needed.
  • Knead in the remaining butter in 1 tablespoon amounts, making sure each addition is completely incorporated into the dough before adding the next. Continue kneading for 2 to 3 minutes more on medium speed until the dough is smooth, elastic, but still soft and only slightly tacky.
  • Transfer the dough onto a smooth, unfloured surface. Knead it briefly to check its texture. If it sticks to your hands, work in just a tad more flour.
  • Wash and dry the mixing bowl and spritz it with cooking spray. Shape the dough into a ball and put it into the bowl. Cover tightly with plastic wrap and let the dough rise at room temperature until doubled in volume, about 1 to 2 hours, depending on the temperature of your kitchen. Test by pressing a floured fingertip about a half-inch into the dough. The depression should remain when you withdraw your finger.
  • Meanwhile, butter your baking pan—a 12 x 4 x 4-inch or a 13 x 4 x 4- inch Pullman loaf pan, and coat the underside of the lid lightly with cooking spray. Turn the risen dough onto your work surface and pat it out into a rectangle measuring the length of your pan and about 6 inches wide.
  • With a long side of the rectangle facing you, fold the top half of the dough down towards you so that the two long edges meet. Press firmly to seal. Rotate the dough up and away from you so that the seal is on top and press the edge of your palm down the length of the dough to form a trench. Fold the top half of the dough down towards you and press the long edges firmly to seal.
  • Turn the dough seam side down and place it into the prepared pan. Using your knuckles, pat the dough out flat to fill the corners. If the dough resists at all, cover the pan for 10 minutes with a towel to relax the dough and repeat the action. The pan will be about one-third full.
  • Drape the pan loosely with a kitchen towel and let the dough rise again until the center of the loaf is about 1/2-inch below the rim of the pan, about 1 hour. A half hour or so before the dough is ready to bake, adjust an oven rack to the lower third position and preheat the oven to 425 degrees F.
  • When the dough is ready to bake, remove the kitchen towel and slide the top of the Pullman pan in place to cover it completely. Place the pan in the oven and bake for 45 minutes.
  • Take the pan out of the oven with oven mitts. Carefully and slowly slide the lid off the pan. The loaf will have a completely flat top and be a beautiful deep brown color. Unmold the bread and let it cool completely on a wire rack.
  • When completely cool wrap the loaf in a plastic bag and let it stand at room temperature overnight before slicing and eating.
  • Variation:
    Rather than bake the loaf in a Pullman pan, you can bake the dough in a standard buttered 9 x 5 x 3-inch bread pan. Pat the risen dough into a 9-inch long and 6-inch wide rectangle. Shape as described above and place into the pan seam side down. No need to knuckle it in flat. Simply cover the pan with another pan the same size to give the bread space to rise. When the bread has domed up about 1- inch above the rim of the pan, it’s ready to bake. This rise may take an hour or more, depending on the room temperature. To bake, adjust an oven rack to the lower third position and preheat the oven to 375 degrees F about a half hour before the bread has completed its rise. Uncover the loaf, put the pan in the oven, and bake for 40 to 45 minutes, until well-browned and an instant-read thermometer inserted into the center of the loaf reads 200 degrees F or a bit higher. Remove the bread from its pan, set it on a cooling rack, and cool completely. Wrap in plastic when completely cool.
  • Storage:
    This bread keeps, well-wrapped, for a few days at room temperature, and it’s great for sandwiches and canapés. It freezes beautifully for up to 2 months. Thaw in its wrapping, then unwrap and slice.
Keyword Sandwich Loaf

4 thoughts on “A French Bread That’s all About The Crumb”

  • Love Your Column…Made the Spring Veggies with Coconut Milk for dinner but my guests were disappointed with the bland Rice Noodles…Would You please suggest a substitute for the noodles with a bit more Zest ?? I am a devoted Cook who studied at the Ritz Hotel in Paris in the 70s…Merci Beaucoup

    • Hi, Carolyn,
      Did you feel the rice noodles were bland? They are if eaten alone, but they’re to be eaten with the soup. Here’s how to add more zest to the noodles. After they’ve softened, drain them and toss with a tad of chili paste with garlic and toasted sesame oil. Taste and add a sprinkle of salt, if necessary. But don’t over do the spicing or you’ll throw the balance of flavors off. Let me know how this works for you. What a great experience for you studying food in Paris.

  • 5 stars
    Hi! Love this recipe for sandwich bread. Sandwich bread in the US is always too sugary, but this one’s great. I don’t have instant yeast so I used active dry, which worked well but I’ve noticed that each of the rises as well as the bake time are shorter than in your recipe (I’ve cooked this bread three times, always with active dry.) Each rise/the bake took only thirty minutes. I’m wondering if it’s because of the different yeast? I want to purchase SAF instant yeast when my active dry yeast runs out. I also wonder if the short rise affects the taste of the bread, because I know that with many breads the longer rise leads to a more complex flavor. Thank you for posting this recipe! It’s so simple and easy. Please let me know if you have any thoughts about the yeast.

    • Rising time for bread is mostly dependent on temperature. Breads rise faster in a warm environment. I do not know if instant yeast causes bread to rise faster than active dry yeast. I use instant yeast because it does not need to be proofed first. I keep the yeast in the freezer. If you find your bread dough rising faster than you like, pop it into the fridge, where it will rise much more slowly. Or use cold liquid when mixing the dough.

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